FEATURE: BIOMASS TO LIQUIDS Erlina Indraswari and Affan Delano, Vermeer Indonesia. Bioenergy International No 78, 2-2015 13 This capacity growth rate may not be enough if the distribution and uptake in the programme is successful. According to calculations by MEMR, the current business-as-usual biodiesel production capacity growth rate could lead to a 2 billion litres shortfall during the 2016-2020 timeframe. MEMR is therefore encouraging industry to expand annual production capacity from today’s 5.67 billion litres. Alternative feedstock Oils from Jatropha, Candlenut (Reutealis), Calophyllum and Coconut oil are all domestically available feedstock alternatives for Indonesian biodiesel production. Limited availability and low oil extraction rates make them less competitive when compared to palm oil. Researchers are trying to increase their economic value by breeding high yielding varieties and increasing the value of co-products. But developing research results from the laboratory and pilot scale to commercial production remains a challenge. – On a nation-wide scale the only viable plant oil feedstock for biodiesel is palm oil. That said, the local application of alternative plant oils may be more effective. Calophyllum for example, is usually cultivated in coastal areas and could be developed for use on a local, small scale, commented Dr Mohd Emir Mavani Abdullah, CEO of Felda Global Ventures Holdings Berhad, the world’s single largest crude palm oil (CPO) producer. Text & photos: Xinyi Shen BI78/4787/JH Ms Yuni, Ms Julian and Mr Achmad Siswanto all with PT Cakrawala Persada Biomas. CPB is based in Jakarta, Indonesia. They manufacture high quality wood pellets from pure wood residues, which are sourced from sustainable plantation sources and certified according accepted worldwide sustainability standards. CBP is currently constructing its new production plant with a capacity of 180 000 tonnes per annum. Mal Windrim, Area Manager, Peterson Pacific. Dr Dadan Kusdiana, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR), presented the Indonesia Biofuels Development. Dr Nguyen Huu Luong, Deputy Director & Chief of Scientific Council, Petro Vietnam R&D Centre. Vietnam set objectives in 2007 to produce 150 000 tonnes of biofuels or replace 0.4% total domestic demand of fuels by 2010; 250 000 tonnes or replace 1% by 2015; 1 800 000 tonnes or replace 5% by 2025. The bioethanol market will increase when the E5 and E10 are applied in all cities from December 2015. The supply is now assured by the production capacity of domestic bioethanol plants. For biodiesel, there is no market and detailed route for application. In addition, biodiesel production is limited due to feedstock issues (no strategic zone for raw material, oil supply from imports).
Bioenergy no 2 - March 2015
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